UCC - National Level
The United Church of Christ is a protestant denomination that was formed in 1957 when Evangelical and Reformed Church and the Congregational Christian Churches merged. The basic unit of the UCC is the local church (often called the congregation). Lay members actively participate in church organization and governance. There are about 5,287 congregations with over 1 million members. The average local congregation is 210 members. The UCC is associated with the Churches Uniting in Christ, National Council of Churches, World Alliance of Reformed Churches, and World Council of Churches. The roots of the merged churches show earlier unions and a historical connection to the reformed tradition influenced by Lutheranism.
At the national level the UCC has favored liberal views in regard to such social issues as civil rights, gay rights, women's rights, and abortion rights. As there is no UCC hierarchy or body to dictate direction, each congregation is independent in matters of doctrine and ministry and may not support the national's perspective on social issues. The UCC prides itself as "an extremely pluralistic and diverse denomination".
Statement of Faith
We believe in God, the eternal spirit, Who is made known to us in Jesus, our brother, and to whose deeds we testify:
God calls the worlds into being, creates humankind in the divine image, and sets before us the ways of life and death.
God seeks in holy love to save all people from aimlessness and sin. God judges all nations and all humanity by that will of righteousness... .declared through prophets and apostles.
In Jesus Christ, the Man of Nazareth, our crucified and risen Lord, God has come to us and shared our common lot, conquering sin and death and reconciling the world to himself.
God bestows upon us the Holy Spirit, creating and renewing the church of Jesus Christ, binding in covenant faithful people of all ages, tongues and races.
God calls us into the Church to accept the cost and joy of discipleship, to be servants in the service of the whole human family, to proclaim the gospel to all the world and resist the powers of evil, to share in Christ's baptism and eat at his table, to join him in his passion and victory.
God promises to all who trust in the gospel forgiveness of sins and fullness of grace, courage in the struggle for justice and peace, the presence of the Holy Spirit in trial and rejoicing, and eternal life in that kingdom which has no end.
Blessing and honor, glory and power be unto God.
What we believe:
We can tell you more about the United Church of Christ with the help of seven phrases from Scripture and Tradition which express our commitments.
That they may all be one. [John 17:21] This motto of the United Church of Christ reflects the spirit of unity on which it is based and points toward future efforts to heal the divisions in the body of Christ. We are a uniting church as well as a united church.
In essentials unity, in non-essentials diversity, in all things charity. The unity that we seek requires neither an uncritical acceptance of any point of view, nor rigid formulation of doctrine. It does require mutual understanding and agreement as to which aspects of the Christian faith and life are essential.
The unity of the church is not of its own making. It is a gift of God. But expressions of that unity are as diverse as there are individuals. The common thread that runs through all is love.
Testimonies of faith rather than tests of faith. Because faith can be expressed in many different ways, the United Church of Christ has no formula that is a test of faith. Down through the centuries, however, Christians have shared their faith with one another through creeds, confessions, catechisms and other statements of faith. Historic statements such as the Apostles' Creed, the Nicene Creed, the Heidelberg Catechism, the Evangelical Catechism, the Augsburg Confession, the Cambridge Platform and the Kansas City Statement of Faith are valued in our church as authentic testimonies of faith. [See Beliefs for the complete texts of some of these testimonies.] In 1959, the General Synod of the United Church of Christ adopted a Statement of Faith prepared especially for congregations of the United Church. Many of us use this statement as a common affirmation of faith in worship and as a basis for study.
There is yet more light and truth to break forth from God's holy word. This affirmation by one of the founders of the Congregational tradition assumes the primacy of the Bible as a source for understanding the Good News and as a foundation for all statements of faith. It recognizes that the Bible, though written in specific historical times and places, still speaks to us in our present condition. It declares that the study of the scriptures is not limited by past interpretations, but it is pursued with the expectation of new insights and God's help for living today.
The Priesthood of All Believers. All members of the United Church of Christ are called to minister to others and to participate as equals in the common worship of God, each with direct access to the mercies of God through personal prayer and devotion.
Recognition is given to those among us who have received special training in pastoral, priestly, educational and administrative functions, but these persons are regarded as servants—rather than as persons in authority. Their task is to guide, to instruct, to enable the ministry of all Christians rather than to do the work of ministry for us.
Responsible Freedom. As individual members of the Body of Christ, we are free to believe and act in accordance with our perception of God's will for our lives. But we are called to live in a loving, covenantal relationship with one another—gathering in communities of faith, congregations of believers, local churches.
Each congregation or local church is free to act in accordance with the collective decision of its members, guided by the working of the Spirit in the light of the scriptures. But it also is called to live in a covenantal relationship with other congregations for the sharing of insights and for cooperative action under the authority of Christ.
Likewise, associations of churches, conferences, the General Synod and the churchwide "covenanted ministries" of the United Church of Christ are free to act in their particular spheres of responsibility. Yet all are constrained by love to live in a covenantal relationship with one another and with the local churches in order to make manifest the unity of the body of Christ and thus to carry out God's mission in the world more effectively.
The members, congregations, associations, conferences, General Synod, and covenanted ministries are free in relation to the world. We affirm that the authority of God as revealed in Jesus Christ and interpreted with the aid of the Holy Spirit stands above and judges all human culture, institutions and laws. But we recognize our calling both as individuals and as the church to live in the world:
To proclaim in word and action the Gospel of Jesus Christ.
To work for reconciliation and the unity of the broken Body of Christ. To seek justice and liberation for all.
This is the challenge of the United Church of Christ.
United Church of Christ's Evolution
The Congregational Churches were organized when the Pilgrims of Plymouth Plantation (1620) and the Puritans of the Massachusetts Bay Colony (1629) acknowledged their essential unity in the Cambridge Platform of 1648.
The Reformed Church in the United States traced its beginnings to congregations of German settlers in Pennsylvania founded from 1725 on. Later, its ranks were swelled by Reformed immigrants from Switzerland, Hungary and other countries.
The Christian Churches sprang up in the late 1700s and early 1800s in reaction to the theological and organizational rigidity of the Methodist, Presbyterian and Baptist churches of the time.
The Evangelical Synod of North America traced its beginnings to an association of German Evangelical pastors in Missouri. This association, founded in 1841, reflected the 1817 union of Lutheran and Reformed churches in Germany.
Through the years, other groups such as American Indians, Afro-Christians, Asian Americans, Pacific Islanders, Volga Germans, Armenians, and Hispanic Americans have joined with the four earlier groups. In recent years, Christians from other traditions, including the Roman Catholic Church, have found a home in the UCC, and so have gay and lesbian Christians who have not been welcome in other churches. Thus the United Church of Christ celebrates and continues a broad variety of traditions in its common life.
Characteristics of the United Church of Christ
The characteristics of the United Church of Christ can be summarized in part by the key words in the names that formed our union: Christian, Reformed, Congregational, Evangelical.
Christian. By our very name, the United Church of Christ, we declare ourselves to be part of the Body of Christ—the Christian church. We continue the witness of the early disciples to the reality and power of the crucified and risen Christ, Jesus of Nazareth.
Reformed. All four denominations arose from the tradition of the Protestant Reformers: We confess the authority of one God. We affirm the primacy of the Scriptures, the doctrine of justification by faith, the priesthood of all believers, and the principle of Christian freedom. We celebrate two sacraments: baptism and the Lord's Supper (also called Holy Communion or the Eucharist).
Congregational. The basic unit of the United Church of Christ is the congregation. Members of each congregation covenant with one another and with God as revealed in Jesus Christ and empowered by the Holy Spirit. These congregations, in turn, exist in covenantal relationships with one another to form larger structures for more effective work. Our covenanting emphasizes trustful relationships rather than legal agreements.
Evangelical. The primary task of the church is the proclamation of the Gospel or (in Greek) evangel. The Gospel literally means the "Good News" of God's love revealed with power in Jesus Christ. We proclaim this Gospel by word and deed to individual persons and to society. This proclamation is the heart of the leiturgia—in Greek, the "work of the people" in daily and Sunday worship. We gather for the worship of God, and through each week, we engage in the service of humankind.
YouCC and ME!
YouCC and ME!
On any given Sunday in Maine, about 9,360 worshipers may be found in the more than 160 UCC churches scattered across the state (a day's drive from one end to the other). We gather in buildings dating from 1730 to 1994. In the shadow of majestic mountains, on the rugged, rockbound coast, in fertile valleys and fields, in mill towns and downtowns, we gather together in work and worship.
These churches range in membership from four to over a thousand; some are yoked parishes, others have multi-staffed ministries. The average OCWM (Our Churches Wider Mission) giving local churches, represents 5.3% of current expenses and an additional 5.2% of current expenses goes to other mission giving. In addition to supporting strong local churches, we join together in the following facilities and relationships.
Throughout each week we find each other serving our churches, our ten Associations, and our Conference. We are a committed laity and clergy working together to build up the realm of God in our midst. Whether we are stocking a food pantry, singing songs of praise, splashing in Lake Cobbosseecontee, or re-roofing a seminary in Honduras, we are people united in Christ. We are also a diverse community, a people of integrity, as we express our faith and struggle with the difficult issues that face our churches, our communities, our state, country, and world.
The Conference is served by a Conference Minister and two Associate Conference Ministers." The Conference Ministry staff provide service and support to ministers and congregations throughout the state. However, in the areas of ministerial search and call, conflict mediation, and Church and Ministry issues, they divide the Conference geographically; Rev. Susie Craig works with the Kennebec Valley, Hancock-Waldo, MidCoast, and York Associatons, while Rev. Rick Cowles works with the Cumberland, Franklin and Oxford-Union Associations and Rev. Darren Morgan works with the Penobscot-Piscataquis, Aroostook and Washington Associations.
Blessings upon you and your congregation as we share in our common ministry.
Richard W. Cowles, Jr., Interim Conference Minister
Susan Craig, Associate Conference Minister
Darren L. Morgan, Associate Conference Minister for Small Church Development
Maine Cinference, United Church of Christ
1 Weston Court, Suite 104
Augusta, Maine, ME 04330
Phone: 207-622-3100 (in state) 800-244-0937 (out of state)